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APA Citation Style, 6th edition

A guide to APA (American Psychological Association) style, 6th edition.

How do I cite print sources

Examples are taken directly from either Purdue's Online Writing Lab (OWL) or from Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition. Please be advised that your instructor and the APA manual are the final authority on formatting, mechanics and citing references. This guide provides basic information only. Please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) for detailed information.

*For other print sources not listed here go to OWL@Purdue or the APA Style guide.

In the tabs above you can find sample APA citations for print

  • books
  • magazine article
  • newspaper article
  • journal article
  • images

Remember that all lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation. All text is double-spaced. Sometimes the formatting on webpages like this do not show the correct format.

Basic format

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location:

Publisher.

Book

Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication.          

Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 

 

*For other print sources not listed here go to OWL@Purdue or the APA Style guide.

Remember that all lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation. All text is double-spaced. Sometimes the formatting on webpages like this do not show the correct format.

Basic format

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume

number(issue number), pages.

 

Magazine article

Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's schools. Time, 135, 28-31.

 

*For other print sources not listed here go to OWL@Purdue or the APA Style guide.

Remember that all lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation. All text is double-spaced. Sometimes the formatting on webpages like this do not show the correct format.

Basic format

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume

number(issue number), pages.

 

Newspaper article

Schultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, pp.

1A, 2A

 

*For other print sources not listed here go to OWL@Purdue or the APA Style guide.

Remember that all lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation. All text is double-spaced. Sometimes the formatting on webpages like this do not show the correct format.

Basic format

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume

number(issue number), pages.

 

Journal article 

Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(30), 5-13. Harlow, H. F. (1983).

Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological

Psychology, 55, 893-896. 

 

*For other print sources not listed here go to OWL@Purdue or the APA Style guide.

Remember that all lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation. All text is double-spaced. Sometimes the formatting on webpages like this do not show the correct format.

Basic Format

Artist or Author.  (Year of image creation). Description or title of image [Image format]. In

Author or Editor, Title of Book (pages). Location: Publisher, Year of book publication.

Image

Smith, J L. (2001). Stressed adult [Photograph]. In K. R. Williams, Stress and Depression (p. 10). New

York, NY: Scott, 2004.

 

*For other print sources not listed here go to OWL@Purdue or the APA Style guide.

No personal communication is included in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator's name, the phrase "personal communication," and the date of the communication in your main text only.

 

(E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001).

A. P. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication,

November 3, 2002).

 

*For other print sources not listed here go to OWL@Purdue or the APA Style guide.

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