An essential part of evidence-based decision making involves asking a good question. A clinical or research question can generally be broken down into four components. 'PICO' is the acronym that identifies the four components of a good research question:
The PICO table on this page provides further explanation and examples for each of the four components.
The following links provide additional information and resources on PICO:
Who or What?
Example Population: Overweight College Students
Example Intervention: HIIT plus endurance training
What is the main alternative to the intervention?
Example Comparison (alternative intervention): Endurance training
What are you trying to accomplish, measure or improve?
Example Outcome: Changes in percent body fat