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APA Citation Style, 6th edition & 7th edition

A guide to APA (American Psychological Association) style, 6th edition & 7th edition

APA Reference Examples (7th ed.)

*Example of journal article reference:

Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture8(3), 207–217. https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000185

Jerrentrup, A., Mueller, T., Glowalla, U., Herder, M., Henrichs, N., Neubauer, A., & Schaefer, J. R. (2018). Teaching medicine with the help of “Dr. House”. PLoS ONE13(3), Article e0193972. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193972

 

  • Parenthetical citations: (Grady et al., 2019; Jerrentrup et al., 2018)
  • Narrative citations: Grady et al. (2019) and Jerrentrup et al. (2018)

* All examples are from the APA Style website

*Example of magazine article reference:

Schaefer, N. K., & Shapiro, B. (2019, September 6). New middle chapter in the story of human evolution. Science365(6457), 981–982. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aay3550

Schulman, M. (2019, September 9). Superfans: A love story. The New Yorkerhttps://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2019/09/16/superfans-a-love-story

  • Parenthetical citations: (Schaefer & Shapiro, 2019; Schulman, 2019)
  • Narrative citations: Schaefer and Shapiro (2019) and Schulman (2019)

* All examples are from the APA Style website

*Example of newspaper article reference:

Carey, B. (2019, March 22). Can we get better at forgetting? The New York Timeshttps://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/22/health/memory-forgetting-psychology.html

  • Parenthetical citation: (Carey, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: Carey (2019)

* All examples are from the APA Style website

 

*Example of whole book reference.

Rabinowitz, F. E. (2019). Deepening group psychotherapy with men: Stories and insights for the journey. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000132-000

Sapolsky, R. M. (2017). Behave: The biology of humans at our best and worst. Penguin Books.

  • Parenthetical citations: (Rabinowitz, 2019; Sapolsky, 2017)
  • Narrative citations: Rabinowitz (2019) and Sapolsky (2017)

* All examples are from the APA Style website

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*Example of edited book chapter reference

Aron, L., Botella, M., & Lubart, T. (2019). Culinary arts: Talent and their development. In R. F. Subotnik, P. Olszewski-Kubilius, & F. C. Worrell (Eds.), The psychology of high performance: Developing human potential into domain-specific talent (pp. 345–359). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000120-016

 
 
  • Parenthetical citation: (Aron et al., 2019)
  • Narrative citation: Aron et al. (2019)

* All examples are from the APA Style website

*Example of dictionary reference

Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Culture. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary. Retrieved September 9, 2019, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/culture

  • Parenthetical citation: (Merriam-Webster, n.d.)
  • Narrative citation: Merriam-Webster (n.d.)

Here is a print dictionary example:

Merriam-Webster. (2003). Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). 

* All examples are from the APA Style website

*Example of government report reference

National Cancer Institute. (2019). Taking time: Support for people with cancer (NIH Publication No. 18-2059). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.cancer.gov/publications/patient-education/takingtime.pd

 

Parenthetical & narrative citation example
  • Parenthetical citation: (National Cancer Institute, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: National Cancer Institute (2019)

* All examples are from the APA Style website

*Example of YouTube video reference
Harvard University. (2019, August 28). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guRoWTYfxMs
 Parenthetical & narrative citation example
  • Parenthetical citation: (Harvard University, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: Harvard University (2019)

* All examples are from the APA Style website

*Examples of Tweet reference

APA Databases [@APA_Databases]. (2019, September 5). Help students avoid plagiarismWeb emoji of crossing hands and researchers navigate the publication process. More details available in the 7th edition @APA_Style table [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/APA_Databases/status/1169644365452578823

Gates, B. [@BillGates]. (2019, September 7). Today, it’s difficult for researchers to diagnose #Alzheimers patients early enough to intervene. A reliable, easy and accurate diagnostic would [Thumbnail with link attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/BillGates/status/1170305718425137152

Parenthetical & narrative citation example
  • Parenthetical citations: (APA Databases, 2019; Gates, 2019)
  • Narrative citations: APA Databases (2019) and Gates (2019)

 

 

* All examples are from the APA Style website

*Example of Facebook post reference

News From Science. (2019, June 21). Are you a fan of astronomy? Enjoy reading about what scientists have discovered in our solar system—and beyond? This [Image attached] [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/ScienceNOW/photos/a.117532185107/10156268057260108/?type=3&theater

Parenthetical & narrative citation example
  • Parenthetical citation: (News From Science, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: News From Science (2019)

* All examples are from the APA Style website

*Examples of web page on a website reference

Fagan, J. (2019, March 25). Nursing clinical brain. OER Commons. Retrieved September 17, 2019, from https://www.oercommons.org/authoring/53029-nursing-clinical-brain/view

National Institute of Mental Health. (2018, July). Anxiety disorders. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml

Woodyatt, A. (2019, September 10). Daytime naps once or twice a week may be linked to a healthy heart, researchers say. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2019/09/10/health/nap-heart-health-wellness-intl-scli/index.html

World Health Organization. (2018, May 24). The top 10 causes of deathhttps://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death

Parenthetical & narrative citation example
  • Parenthetical citations: (Fagan, 2019; National Institute of Mental Health, 2018; Woodyatt, 2019; World Health Organization, 2018)
  • Narrative citations: Fagan (2019), National Institute of Mental Health (2018), Woodyatt (2019), and World Health Organization (2018)

* All examples are from the APA Style website