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Indigenous Nations Heritage Month


National Native American / Indigenous Nations Heritage Month



 What started at the turn of the century as an effort to gain a day of recognition for
 the significant contributions the first Americans made to the establishment and
 growth of the U.S. has resulted in a whole month being designated for that

 One of the very proponents of an American Indian Day was Dr. Arthur C. Parker, a
 Seneca Indian, who was the director of the Museum of Arts and Science in
 Rochester, NY. He persuaded the Boy Scouts of America to set aside a day for the
 "First Americans" and for three years they adopted such a day. In 1915, the annual
 Congress of the American Indian Association meeting in Lawrence, KS, formally
 approved a plan concerning American Indian Day. It directed its president, Rev.
 Sherman Coolidge, an Arapahoe, to call upon the country to observe such a day.
 Coolidge issued a proclamation on September 28, 1915, which declared the
Saturday of each May as an American Indian Day and contained the formal
 appeal for recognition of Indians as citizens.

 The year before this proclamation was issued, Red Fox James, a Blackfoot Indian,
 rode horseback from state to state seeking approval for a day to honor Indians. On
 December 14, 1915, he presented the endorsements of 24 state governments at
 the White House. There is no record, however, of such a national day being

 The first American Indian Day in a state was declared on the second Saturday in
 May 1916 by the governor of New York. Several states celebrate the fourth Friday
 in September. In Illinois, for example, legislators enacted such a day in 1919. 
 Presently, several states have designated Columbus Day as Native American Day,
 but it continues to be a day we observe without any recognition as a national legal

 In 1990 President George H. W. Bush approved a join resolution designating 
 November 1990 "National American Indian Heritage Month." Similar proclamations,
 under variants* of the name (Native American Heritage Month, National American
 Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month) have been issued each year since 1994.
 At Mesa Community College November is referred to as Indigenous Nations Month.

 Information courtesy of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
*Mesa Community College refers to November as Indigenous Nations Heritage Month.


A Proclamation on National Native American Heritage Month, 2021


The United States of America was founded on an idea:  that all of us are created equal and deserve equal treatment, equal dignity, and equal opportunity throughout our lives.  Throughout our history — though we have always strived to live up to that idea and have never walked away from it — the fact remains that we have fallen short many times.  Far too often in our founding era and in the centuries since, the promise of our Nation has been denied to Native Americans who have lived on this land since time immemorial. 

Despite a painful history marked by unjust Federal policies of assimilation and termination, American Indian and Alaska Native peoples have persevered.  During National Native American Heritage Month, we celebrate the countless contributions of Native peoples past and present, honor the influence they have had on the advancement of our Nation, and recommit ourselves to upholding trust and treaty responsibilities, strengthening Tribal sovereignty, and advancing Tribal self-determination. 

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted and exacerbated preexisting inequities facing Tribal Nations.  Early in the pandemic, reported cases in the Native American community were over 3 times the rate of white Americans; in some States, Native American lives were lost at a rate 5 times their population share.  Even as they shouldered a disproportionate burden throughout the pandemic, Tribal Nations have been paragons of resilience, determination, and patriotism — implementing key mitigation strategies like testing and prioritizing the vaccination of Tribal communities at high rates in order to save lives.  Through it all, Tribal Nations have effectively utilized the tools of Tribal self-governance to protect and lead their communities, setting a standard for all of our communities to follow. 

Our Nation cannot live up to the promise of our founding as long as inequities affecting Native Americans persist.  My Administration is committed to advancing equity and opportunity for all American Indians and Alaska Natives and to helping Tribal Nations overcome the challenges that they have faced from the pandemic, climate change, and a lack of sufficient infrastructure in a way that reflects their unique political relationship.

As a starting point, the American Rescue Plan represented the most significant funding legislation for Indian Country in the history of our Nation — the largest single Federal investment in Native communities ever, with $20 billion in direct funding to help Tribal governments combat and emerge from the COVID-19 crisis.  Through the Bipartisan Infrastructure Deal and my Build Back Better framework, my Administration is pushing for strong Tribal participation to help build our Nation’s clean energy future, deploy clean water and high-speed internet to every home, and invest in Native American families, businesses, jobs, and communities. 

In my first week in office, I also signed a Presidential Memorandum committing my Administration to the fulfillment of our Federal trust and treaty responsibilities, to respect Tribal self-governance, and to conduct regular, meaningful, and robust consultations with Tribal Nations on a broad range of policy issues.  Together, we are implementing a whole-of-government approach to empower Tribal Nations in their efforts to achieve political and economic self-sufficiency, advance climate resiliency, and protect their territorial sovereignty.  To further elevate the voices of Native Americans in my Administration, I restarted the White House Council on Native American Affairs earlier this year.  It was among the proudest honors of my life to appoint one of our country’s most remarkable leaders, Deb Haaland of the Pueblo of Laguna, to serve as United States Secretary of the Interior — the first Native American in the history of our Nation to serve in the Cabinet.

During National Native American Heritage Month, we also honor our Native Americans veterans and service members who have courageously served and continue to serve in our Armed Forces — including the brave Native American Code Talkers in World War I and World War II.  For over 200 years, Native Americans have defended our country during every major conflict and continue to serve at a higher rate than any other ethnic group in the Nation.  Because of their selflessness, every generation of Americans receives the precious gift of liberty — and we owe each of them and their families a debt of gratitude for their sacrifice and dedication. 

Native American roots are deeply embedded in this land — a homeland loved, nurtured, strengthened, and fought for with honor and conviction.  This month and every month, we honor the precious, strong, and enduring cultures and contributions of all Native Americans and recommit ourselves to fulfilling the full promise of our Nation together.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, JOSEPH R. BIDEN JR., President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2021 as National Native American Heritage Month.  I urge all Americans, as well as their elected representatives at the Federal, State, and local levels, to observe this month with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities, and to celebrate November 26, 2021, as Native American Heritage Day.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of October, in the year of our Lord two thousand twenty-one, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-sixth.





To kick off Native American Heritage Month, Joy Harjo, the first Native American U.S. Poet Laureate, joins Deb Haaland, the first Native American cabinet secretary, in a conversation with Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden.

(Part of National Book Festival Presents ; Native American Heritage Month)


Photo taken June 6, 2019 by Shawn Miller/Library of Congress. On flickr.


Click here for Reading and Concert (1:36:05).

Joy Harjo, 23rd Poet Laureate of the United States, is the first Native American to serve in this position.  She is a member of the Muscogee Creek Nation. ​​​


Joy Harjo, U.S. Poet Laureate: A Resource Guide

On June 19, 2019, Joy Harjo was appointed the 23rd Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry by Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden. This guide provides access to selected print and online resources related to Harjo's life and work.

Ask yourself:
When you think Thanksgivingdo you think insanity?

Take 4:38 minutes and watch The Invention of Thanksgiving to learn National Museum of the American Indian curator Paul Chaat Smith's (Comanche) visually rich take on the matter:

From the Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian exhibition "Americans."

Ask yourself:
When does appropriate become appropriation?

Read this 2015 AZ Republic article and ponder the conundrum created when Christian Louboutin found inspiration from a deal struck between Nike and designer Dwayne Manuel (O'odham).



What's a shoe to do?